Characterization of Nanocrystalline Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia: An In Situ HTXRD Study

Mridula Biswas, Chandrashekhar S. Kumbhar, D. S. Gowtam
2011 ISRN Nanotechnology  
Nanocrystalline yttria-stabilized zirconia powders, synthesized by the citrate nitrate gel combustion route, with yttria concentration varying from 8 to 12 mol% were studied by in situ high temperature X-ray diffraction in the temperature range of 25–1000°C. The sample obtained has a high specific surface area of 35 m2/g while calculated surface area was around 123 m2/g. The in situ high temperature X-ray diffraction study revealed that crystallite size remains in the range of 7–9 nm up to
more » ... and then rapidly grows up to 21–23 nm upto 1000°C; only holding the material at 1000°C for 30 minutes can promote grain growth in the range of 42–49 nm. Coefficient of thermal expansion ranges from 9.65 to 9.03 ppm/°C for 8–12 mol% nanocrystalline yttria-stabilized zirconia.
doi:10.5402/2011/305687 fatcat:knynukto25dbje6jfnjelu5sf4