Human Alu Insertion Polymorphisms in North African Populations

Loth Cherni, Sabeh Frigi, Hajer Ennafaa, Nabil Mtiraoui, Touhami Mahjoub, Amel Benammar-Elgaaied
2011 Human Biology: The Official Publication of the American Association of Anthropological Genetics  
Several features make Alu insertions a powerful tool used in population genetic studies: the polymorphic nature of many Alu insertions, the stability of an Alu insertion event and, furthermore, the ancestral state of an Alu insertion is known to be the absence of the Alu element at a particular locus and the presence of an Alu insertion at the site that forward mutational change. This study analyses seven Alu insertion polymorphisms in a sample of 297 individuals from the autochthonous
more » ... ochthonous population of Tunisia (Thala, Smar, Zarzis and Bou Salem) and Libya with the aim of studying their genetic structure with respect to the populations of North Africa, Western, Eastern and Central Europe. The comparative analyses carried out using the MDS and AMOVA methods reveal the existence of spatial heterogeneity, and identify four population groups. Study populations (Libya, Smar, Zarzis
doi:10.3378/027.083.0503 pmid:22146064 fatcat:ehafyogc25hrxlicvpowufh5fi