FEM Analysis of Mechanical and Structural Properties of Long Fiber-Reinforced Composites [chapter]

Michal Petrů, Ondřej Novák
2018 Finite Element Method - Simulation, Numerical Analysis and Solution Techniques  
This chapter deals with studies of the mechanical properties of samples from long fiberreinforced composite structures that would contribute to the optimization of the developed constructions made of them. First, the basic issues of composite structures reinforced with long fibers (carbon or glass) and generally of composites with the specification of parameters that would lead to the optimization of mechanical properties with respect to the theoretical strength are presented. Further, the
more » ... . Further, the possibilities and methods of measurements of composite reinforced with carbon and glass fibers are described. This is followed by the introduction of analytical models for the description of the transversal isotropic composite, where these mathematical relations allow the determination of unknown elastic constants and they are also important for the verification of numerical models. Finally, it is comprehensively outlined the problems of creating a numerical model of advanced composite fibrous structure for determining the mechanical properties, both through the description of the continuum, and complex numerical model with a structural configuration enabling approach to allow closer interaction among fibers and matrix. Compared to the averaged values obtained from experimental samples, numerical simulations show a similar trend of stress on strain, with results obtained from simulations.
doi:10.5772/intechopen.71881 fatcat:x53fma67bvh6zlnhnnu4xb3beu