An objective function for order preserving hierarchical clustering [article]

Daniel Bakkelund
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We present an objective function for similarity based hierarchical clustering of partially ordered data that preserves the partial order. That is, if x ≤ y, and if [x] and [y] are the respective clusters of x and y, then there is an order relation ≤' on the clusters for which [x] ≤' |y]. The theory distinguishes itself from existing theories for clustering of ordered data in that the order relation and the similarity are combined into a bi-objective optimisation problem to obtain a hierarchical
more » ... clustering seeking to satisfy both. In particular, the order relation is weighted in the range [0,1], and if the similarity and the order relation are not aligned, then order preservation may have to yield in favor of clustering. Finding an optimal solution is NP-hard, so we provide a polynomial time approximation algorithm, with a relative performance guarantee of O(log^3/2 n ), based on successive applications of directed sparsest cut. We provide a demonstration on a benchmark dataset, showing that our method outperforms existing methods for order preserving hierarchical clustering with significant margin. The theory is an extension of the Dasgupta cost function for divisive hierarchical clustering.
arXiv:2109.04266v3 fatcat:7g36k4tb4jfttlnz73qo3ezkru