Metarrestin, a perinucleolar compartment inhibitor, effectively suppresses metastasis

Kevin J. Frankowski, Chen Wang, Samarjit Patnaik, Frank J. Schoenen, Noel Southall, Dandan Li, Yaroslav Teper, Wei Sun, Irawati Kandela, Deqing Hu, Christopher Dextras, Zachary Knotts (+36 others)
2018 Science Translational Medicine  
Metastasis remains a leading cause of cancer mortality due to the lack of specific inhibitors against this complex process. To identify compounds selectively targeting the metastatic state, we used the perinucleolar compartment (PNC), a complex nuclear structure associated with metastatic behaviors of cancer cells, as a phenotypic marker for a high-content screen of over 140,000 structurally diverse compounds. Metarrestin, obtained through optimization of a screening hit, disassembles PNCs in
more » ... assembles PNCs in multiple cancer cell lines, inhibits invasion in vitro, suppresses metastatic development in three mouse models of human cancer, and extends survival of mice in a metastatic pancreatic cancer xenograft model with no organ toxicity or discernable adverse effects. Metarrestin disrupts the nucleolar structure and inhibits RNA polymerase (Pol) I transcription, at least in part by interacting with the translation elongation factor eEF1A2. Thus, metarrestin represents a potential therapeutic approach for the treatment of metastatic cancer. Metarrestin, a perinucleolar compartment inhibitor, effectively suppresses metastasis.
doi:10.1126/scitranslmed.aap8307 pmid:29769289 fatcat:ydxqoy6rmva3re3nf4ahnrxzja