Comparison of Swine Wastewater Treatment by Microalgae and Heterotrophic Nitrifiers: Focusing on Nitrogen Removal Mechanism Revealed by Microbiological Correlation Analysis
Swine wastewater (SW) poses a great threat to the environment due to its high-nutrient profiles if not properly managed. Advanced biological treatment method is an efficient method to treat SW by screening potent microalgae or bacterial strains. In this study, activated sludge, nine locally isolated heterotrophic nitrification bacteria and one microalgal strain (Chlorella) were used as inoculums in treating a local SW. Their treatment efficiencies were compared, while the nitrogen removal
... rogen removal mechanisms and microbiome profile were explored in detail. It was found that certain heterotrophic nitrification strains had a slight advantage in removing chemical oxygen demand and phosphorus from SW, with the highest removal efficiencies of 83.9% and 76.2%, respectively. The removal efficiencies of ammonia nitrogen and total nitrogen in wastewater by microalgae reached 80.9% and 66.0% respectively, which were far higher than all the heterotrophic nitrification strains. Biological assimilation was the main pathway of nitrogen conversion by microalgae and heterotrophic nitrifying bacteria; especially microalgae showed excellent biological assimilation performance. Correlation analysis showed that Comamonas was highly positively correlated with nitrogen assimilation, while Acidovorax was closely correlated with simultaneous nitrification and denitrification. This study gives a comparison of microalgae and heterotrophic nitrifying bacteria on the nitrogen transfer and transformation pathways.