Anti–Retinal Pigment Epithelium Antibodies in Acute Exudative Polymorphous Vitelliform Maculopathy

Larry Koreen
2011 Archives of Ophthalmology  
Objective: To investigate the etiology of acute exudative polymorphous vitelliform maculopathy (AEPVM) in a patient with metastatic melanoma, undiagnosed at initial examination, by testing for autoimmune mechanisms. Methods: Serum samples were obtained from a 50-yearold man with AEPVM and metastatic unknown primary melanoma during the acute stage and 3 years later when subretinal fluid had resolved and melanoma was in remission (AEPVM convalescent stage). Western immunoblots using both serum
more » ... ples against human donor retinal extract and cultured primary human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell extract were performed to identify antiretinal and anti-RPE antibodies. Serum samples from 5 unaffected participants were tested as controls. Protein identification was performed using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry and was then confirmed by blotting against purified protein. Results: Western immunoblots of the patient's serum against human donor retinal extract and RPE cell ex-
doi:10.1001/archophthalmol.2010.316 pmid:21220625 fatcat:s3xjnx7w5bc65p2j7dynbj4egq