Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Human Extraocular Muscles During Static Ocular Counter-Rolling

Joseph L. Demer, Robert A. Clark
2005 Journal of Neurophysiology  
Demer, Joseph L. and Robert A. Clark. Magnetic resonance imaging of human extraocular muscles during static ocular counter-rolling. . The rectus extraocular muscle (EOM) pulleys constrain EOM paths. During visual fixation with head immobile, actively controlled pulleys are known to maintain positions causing EOM pulling directions to change by one-half the change in eye position. This pulley behavior is consistent with Listing's law (LL) of ocular torsion as observed during fixation, saccades,
more » ... nd pursuit. However, pulley behavior during the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) has been unstudied. This experiment studied ocular counterrolling (OCR), a static torsional VOR that violates LL but can be evoked during MRI. Tri-planar MRI was performed in 10 adult humans during central target fixation while positioned in right and left side down positions known to evoke static OCR. EOM cross-sections and paths were determined from area centroids. Paths were used to locate pulleys in three dimensions. Significant (P Ͻ 0.025) counterrotational repositioning of the rectus pulley arrays of both orbits was observed in the coronal plane averaging 4.1°(maximum, 8.7°) from right to left side down positions for the inferior, medial, and superior rectus pulleys. There was a trend for the lateral rectus averaging 1.4°. Torsional shift of the rectus pulley array was associated with significant contractile cross-section changes in the superior and inferior oblique muscles. Torsional rectus pulley shift during OCR, which changes pulling directions of the rectus EOMs, correlates with known insertions of the oblique EOM orbital layers on rectus pulleys. The amount of pulley reconfiguration is roughly one-half of published values of ocular torsion during static OCR, an arrangement that would cause rectus pulling directions to change by less than one-half the amount of ocular torsion.
doi:10.1152/jn.01157.2004 pmid:16033934 fatcat:yjeaoqadpfblxllvt33gcrgc7a