Rumen microbial ecology in reindeer - adaptations to a unique diet

M. Sundset, I. Cann, S. Mathiesen, R. Mackie
2004 Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences  
Svalbard reindeer are isolated on the high-arctic archipelago of Svalbard under austere nutritional conditions, while the semi-domesticated Norwegian reindeer migrate between lush coastal summer pastures and inland taiga and boreal forest habitats with ground lichens in winter on mainland Norway. We propose that interactions between reindeer and Arctic plants through 15 million years of evolution have resulted in a unique rumen microbial ecosystem, and present data on rumen bacterial diversity
more » ... nalysed by PCR amplifi cation and sequencing of 16S rDNA clone libraries from these sub-species of reindeer. Resulting sequences represent novel bacteria different from those reported in other ruminants.
doi:10.22358/jafs/74100/2004 fatcat:rpksz4afxffgvoogq4ai2bca3y