Marital processes predictive of later dissolution: Behavior, physiology, and health

John M. Gottman, Robert W. Levenson
1992 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
Seventy-three married couples were studied in 1983 and 1987. To identify marital processes associated with dissolution, a balance theory of marriage was used to generate I variable for dividing couples into regu/aledand nonregu/aled groups. For studying the precursors of divorce, a "cascade" model of marital dissolution. which forms a Guttman-like scale. received preliminary support. Compared with regulated couples. nonregulated couples had (a) marital problems rated as more severe (Time 1);
more » ... severe (Time 1); (b) lower marital satisfaction (Time I and Time 2); (c) poorer health (Time 2); (d) smaller finger pulse amplitudes (wives); (e) more negative ratings for interactions; (f) more negative emotional expression; (g) less positive emotional expression; (h) more stubbornness and withdrawal from interaction; (i) greater defensiveness; and (j) greater risk for marital dissolution (lower marital satisfaction and higher incidence of consideration of dissolution and of actual separation).
doi:10.1037//0022-3514.63.2.221 pmid:1403614 fatcat:lr4zuqw3tbarhnx6f4sevbimhu