Hydration Layers on Clay Mineral Surfaces in Aqueous Solutions: a Review/Warstwy Uwodnione Na Powierzchni Minerałów Ilastych W Roztworach Wodnych: Przegląd

Fanfei Min, Chenliang Peng, Shaoxian Song
2014 Archives of Mining Sciences  
Hydration layer on clay mineral surfaces is originated from the adsorption of polar water molecules and hydrated cations on the surfaces through unsaturated ionic bonds, hydrogen bonds and van der Waals bonds. It has attracted great attentions because of their important influences on the dispersive stability of the particles in aqueous solutions. This review highlighted the molecular structure of clay minerals, the origin of hydration layers on clay mineral surfaces, the hydration layer
more » ... al model, hydration force and the main parameters of affecting the hydration layers on clay minerals (crystal structure, cationic type and strength, and solution pH). Also, the research methods for hydration layers were briefly described, especially the determination of hydration layer thickness by the Einstein viscosity method and AFM method. In addition, the applications of the stability of fine clay mineral particles in aqueous suspensions were summarized.
doi:10.2478/amsc-2014-0035 fatcat:bugq52jjh5gkngdyb73xyvjvkm