Microbiota Modulates Behavior and Protein Kinase C mediated cAMP response element-binding protein Signaling

Li Zeng, Benhua Zeng, Haiyang Wang, Bo Li, Ran Huo, Peng Zheng, Xiaotong Zhang, Xiangyu Du, Meiling Liu, Zheng Fang, Xuejiao Xu, Chanjuan Zhou (+5 others)
2016 Scientific Reports  
Evolutionary pressure drives gut microbiota-host coevolution and results in complex interactions between gut microbiota and neural development; however, the molecular mechanisms by which the microbiota governs host behavior remain obscure. Here, we report that colonization early in life is crucial for the microbiota to modulate brain development and behavior; later colonization or deletion of microbiota cannot completely reverse the behaviors. Microarray analysis revealed an association between
more » ... absence of gut microbiota and expression in cAMP responding element-binding protein (CREB) regulated genes in the hippocampus. The absence of gut microbiota from birth was shown to be associated with decreased CREB expression, followed by decreases of protein kinase C beta (PRKCB) and AMPA receptors expression, and an increase of phosphorylation CREB (pCREB) expression. Microbiota colonization in adolescence restored CREB and pCREB expression, but did not alter PRKCB and AMPARs expression. The removal of the gut microbiota from SPF mice using antibiotics only reduced pCREB expression. These findings suggest that (i) colonization of the gut microbiota early in life might facilitate neurodevelopment via PKC-CREB signaling and (ii) although GF mice and ABX mice display reduced anxiety-related behaviors, the molecular mechanisms behind this might differ.
doi:10.1038/srep29998 pmid:27444685 pmcid:PMC4956747 fatcat:vtniag4tzbgsdhpu6rbel3n45m