Compact high-quality CdSe–CdS core–shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking

Ou Chen, Jing Zhao, Vikash P. Chauhan, Jian Cui, Cliff Wong, Daniel K. Harris, He Wei, Hee-Sun Han, Dai Fukumura, Rakesh K. Jain, Moungi G. Bawendi
2013 Nature Materials  
High particle uniformity, high photoluminescence quantum yields, narrow and symmetric emission spectral lineshapes and minimal single dot emission intermittency (known as blinking) have been recognized as universal requirements for the successful use of colloidal quantum dots (QDs) in nearly all optical applications. However, synthesizing samples that simultaneously meet all these four criteria has proven challenging. Here, we report the synthesis of such high-quality CdSe/CdS core/shell QDs in
more » ... an optimized process which maintains a slow growth rate of the shell through the use of octanethiol and cadmium oleate as precursors. In contrast with previous observations, single-QD blinking is significantly suppressed with only a relatively thin shell. In addition, we demonstrate the elimination of the ensemble luminescence photodarkening that is an intrinsic consequence of QD blinking statistical aging. Furthermore, the small size and high photoluminescence quantum yields of these novel QDs render them superior in vivo imaging agents compared to conventional QDs. We anticipate that this new generation of QDs will also result in significant improvement in the performance of QDs in other applications such as solid-state lighting and illumination. .
doi:10.1038/nmat3539 pmid:23377294 pmcid:PMC3677691 fatcat:kycgyp33wjgbzgezh45mdojagy