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<p>This article analyses the character and nature of succession in the Pre-Islamic</p><p>Arabic society and in the period of al-Khulafâ' al-Rashidûn. It assumes that both periods</p><p>share a lot in common in terms of conditions of leadership, which include seniority,</p><p>bravery, generosity, good and noble family background, and the ability to safeguard the</p><p>tribe. The principle of consultation (mushâwarah), which Islam talks about on many</p><p>occasions, is also present in the twodoi:10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.76-85 fatcat:duxugeixazghrirarllyutm2aa