Suksesi Kepemimpinan Arab Pra-Islam dan Periode al-Khulafâ' al-Râshidûn

Biyanto Biyanto
2014 Islamica: Jurnal Studi Keislaman  
<p>This article analyses the character and nature of succession in the Pre-Islamic</p><p>Arabic society and in the period of al-Khulafâ' al-Rashidûn. It assumes that both periods</p><p>share a lot in common in terms of conditions of leadership, which include seniority,</p><p>bravery, generosity, good and noble family background, and the ability to safeguard the</p><p>tribe. The principle of consultation (mushâwarah), which Islam talks about on many</p><p>occasions, is also present in the two
more » ... esent in the two periods. This is despite the fact that during the</p><p>period of al-Khulafâ' al-Râshidûn there were such practices as direct election –in the case</p><p>of Abû Bakr and 'Alî b. Abî Tâlib-, appointment by the former caliph –in the case of</p><p>'Umar b. Khattâb- and election by a committee appointed by the caliph in the case of</p>'Uthmân b. 'Affân.
doi:10.15642/islamica.2006.1.1.76-85 fatcat:duxugeixazghrirarllyutm2aa