Inhibitory effect of silibinin on EGFR signal-induced renal cell carcinoma progression via suppression of the EGFR/MMP-9 signaling pathway

Dalin He
2012 Oncology Reports  
The activation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) through its receptor, EGFR, is one of the major mechanisms that mediate renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis. Silibinin, a natural flavonoid antioxidant with pleiotropic anticancer capability, has shown anti-metastatic effects in a variety of cancers. However, the mechanism by which silibinin inhibits EGFR signal-induced migration and invasion of RCC cells is not clear. Here, we evaluated the potential roles of EGFR signaling cascade that affects
more » ... RCC progression, and also investigated the inhibitory effect of silibinin on the EGFR signal-induced migration and invasion abilities of RCC cells. Our data indicated that silibinin inhibited migration and invasion of RCC cells in a dosedependent manner via blocking the EGFR signal, especially in the EGFR highly expressing RCC cells. Silibinin inhibited phosphorylation of EGFR and its downstream molecules ERK1/2 but did not affect phosphorylation of other downstream molecules, STAT3 and Akt, in human RCC cell lines. Moreover, our data suggested that silibinin significantly reduced the MMP-9 expression and its activity that was promoted by the EGFR signal, and also suppressed MMP9-dependent migration and invasion abilities of RCC cells. Taken together, this study clearly demonstrated that silibinin inhibited EGFR induced migration and invasion of RCC cells via blockade of EGFR/MMP-9 signaling. Thus, we suggest that silibinin could be used as a potential effective drug for the inhibition of RCC metastasis. Abbreviations: EGFR, epidermal growth factor receptor; MMP-9, matrix metallopeptidase 9; SB, silibinin; RCC, renal cell carcinoma; ERK, extracellular signal-regulated kinase
doi:10.3892/or.2012.1874 pmid:22736024 fatcat:pzxlzzjqezek5hraoxue52jvtu