Room Temperature Quasi-static Characterization and Constitutive Model Parametrization of Flexible Polyurethane Foams of Different Densities Loaded in Different Orientations [report]

Kevin Long, Craig Hamel, Robert Waymel, Dan Bolintineanu, Enrico Quintana, Sharlotte Kramer
2020 unpublished
This report describes the efforts to characterize and model General Plastics TF6070 and EF4000 flexible polyurethane foams under room temperature, large deformation quasi-static cyclic mechanical loading conditions. Densities from three to fifteen pound per cubic foot (PCF) are examined, which correspond to relative densities of approximately 4 to 20%. These foams are open cell structured and flexible at room temperature with a glass transition transition less than -30°C, and they fully recover
more » ... their original shape when unloaded (at room temperature). Uniaxial compression tests were conducted with accompanying lateral image series for Digital Image Correlation (DIC) analysis with the goal of extracting transverse strain responses. Due to difficulties with DIC analysis at large strains, lateral strains were instead extracted for each test via edge tracking. The experimental results exhibit a nonlinear elastic response and anisotropic material behavior (particularly for the lower densities). Some hysteresis is observed that is different between the first and subsequent cycles of deformation indicating both a small degree of permanent damage (reduced stiffness during reloading) and viscoelasticity. These inelastic mechanisms are not considered in the modeling and calibration in this report. This work considers only the rate independent, room temperature foam behavior. Individual foam densities were calibrated for loading in two directions, parallel and perpendicular to the foam bubble rise direction, since the mechanical behavior is different in these two directions. The Flex_Foam constitutive model was used for all parameterizations [1] despite the fact that the model is isotropic. A review of the constitutive model is given as well as necessary data reduction procedures to parameterize it for each foam density and orientation are discussed. Finally, two different parameterizations are developed that take the undeformed foam density as an input that span all densities considered. These two parameterized models represent foams loaded in the rise and transverse directions respectively. We summarize the assumptions and limitations of the parameterizations provided in this report to guide analysis choices with them. All parameterizations presented herein have the following traits, • Room temperature, rate independent, damage-free, and non-dissipative • Isotropy (even if they are representing anisotropic data) • Supplied Sierra Solid Mechanics Flex_Foam Model Inputs are in units: pounds, inches, Celsius, and seconds 9 52 13 5.6 66 20 0.0 2-12
doi:10.2172/1673821 fatcat:l7svnubamfh2tp6lfwuuxqrbui