States vs. Traces in Model Checking by Abstract Interpretation [chapter]

Roberto Giacobazzi, Francesco Ranzato
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In POPL'00, Cousot and Cousot showed that the classical state-based model checking of a very general temporal language called µ -calculus is an incomplete abstract interpretation of its trace-based semantics. In ESOP'01, Ranzato showed that the least refinement of the state-based model checking semantics of the µ -calculus which is complete w.r.t. its trace-based semantics exists, and it is essentially the tracebased semantics itself. The analogous problem in the opposite direction is solved by
more » ... the present paper. First, relatively to any incomplete temporal connective of the µ -calculus, we characterize the structure of the models, i.e. transition systems, for which the state-based model checking is trace-complete. On this basis, we prove that the unique abstraction of the state-based model checking semantics of the µ -calculus (actually, of any fragment allowing conjunctions) which is complete w.r.t. the tracebased semantics is the straightforward semantics carrying no information at all. The following consequence can be drawn: there is no way to either refine or abstract sets of states in order to get a model checking algorithm for (any fragment allowing conjunctions of) the µ -calculus which is trace-complete.
doi:10.1007/3-540-45789-5_32 fatcat:mn7rsnqalzdn7fwbpmfwbojhwa