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Important progresses have been achieved in the past years in the field of bottom-up synthetic biology, especially aiming at constructing cell-like systems based on lipid vesicles (liposomes) entrapping both biomolecules or synthetic compounds. These "synthetic cells" mimic the behaviour of biological cells but are constituted by a minimal number of components. One key aspect related to this research is the energetic needs of synthetic cells. Up to now, high-energy compounds have been given indoi:10.1080/19420889.2017.1365993 pmid:29260799 pmcid:PMC5731512 fatcat:5mwfycanqnd5ddxkoq37jyo7fq