Determinants of SARS-CoV-2 transmission to guide vaccination strategy in a city [article]

Sarah C. Brüningk, Juliane Klatt, Madlen Stange, Alfredo Mari, Myrta Brunner, Tim-Christoph Roloff, Helena M.B. Seth-Smith, Michael Schweitzer, Karoline Leuzinger, Kirstine K. Søgaard, Diana Albertos Torres, Alexander Gensch (+19 others)
2020 medRxiv   pre-print
Transmission chains within cities provide an important contribution to case burden and economic impact during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, and should be a major focus for preventive measures to achieve containment. Here, at very high spatio-temporal resolution, we analysed determinants of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in a medium-sized European city. We combined detailed epidemiological, mobility, and socioeconomic data-sets with whole genome sequencing during the first SARS-CoV-2 wave. Both
more » ... 2 wave. Both phylogenetic clustering and compartmental modelling analysis were performed based on the dominating viral variant (B.1-C15324T; 60% of all cases). Here we show that transmissions on the city population level are driven by the socioeconomically weaker and highly mobile groups. Simulated vaccination scenarios showed that vaccination of a third of the population at 90% efficacy prioritising the latter groups would induce a stronger preventive effect compared to vaccinating exclusively senior population groups first. Our analysis accounts for both social interaction and mobility on the basis of molecularly related cases, thereby providing high confidence estimates of the underlying epidemic dynamics that may readily be translatable to other municipal areas.
doi:10.1101/2020.12.15.20248130 fatcat:f32vhdn4kzg5zi4ei7wtz2hoky