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The out-of-plane distortion induced in a multi-pass circumferential fillet welding of tube to pipe under different weld sequences and directions was studied using Finite Element Method (FEM) based Sysweld software and verified experimentally. The FEM analyses consisted of thermal and mechanical analyses. Thermal analysis was validated with experimental transient temperature measurements. In the mechanical analysis, three different weld sequences and directions were considered to understand thedoi:10.1016/j.dt.2016.06.002 fatcat:grtg5tkq4zbofhfdde66jcuqdy