COVID-19 and the 2020 US Presidential Election: Did the Pandemic Cost Donald Trump Reelection?

Marcus Noland, Yiwen Eva Zhang
2021 Social Science Research Network  
By Election Day 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic had killed 234,244 Americans and caused the sharpest macroeconomic downturn in US history. Regression analysis shows that in a "no pandemic" counterfactual or a counterfactual in which the severity of the pandemic was mitigated by 30 percent, Donald Trump would have lost the popular vote but won the electoral vote. In the 20 percent mitigation scenario, the electoral vote would have been tied, giving Trump a presumptive victory in the House of
more » ... tatives. For the second time in a row (and the third time since 2000), the candidate who lost the popular vote would have been elected president of the United States. JEL Codes: H1, I18, D72, F68, Z13 seminar participants at the East-West Center for comments. Remaining errors are ours.
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3807255 fatcat:ezjuzl4mnje33bldiw3dvbo5ca