Cervical cancer screening utilization and its associated factors among women aged 30 years and above in Woliso town, South West Showa Zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia

Elias Michael
2018
Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women with 529,000 new cases each year worldwide. It is also a leading cause of mortality worldwide with 270,000 women every year. In Ethiopia, Cervical Cancer ranks as the second most frequent cancer among women between 15 and 44 years of age. Cervical cancer can be prevented by identifying pre-cancerous lesions early using repeated Pap smear screening and treating these lesions before they progress to cancer. In low-resource settings,
more » ... ce settings, screening achieves the greatest impact for the lowest cost when it is targeted to women between the ages of 30 and 49. There are various dimensions of factors which affect cervical cancer screening, but little is known about factors associated with cervical cancer screening among women 30 years and above in Ethiopia. Objective: The study was carried out to assess cervical cancer screening utilization and associated factors among women aged 30 and above in Woliso town, south west Showa zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia. Methods: Community based Cross sectional study was conducted among 250 women aged 30 and above in Woliso town, South west Ethiopia from March 01-March 30, 2017. The study participants were selected using systematic sampling method. Data was collected using pretested interviewer-administered questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was done and logistic regression was used to assess the association between the independent variables and dependent variable. Odd ratio with 95% confidence interval and p-value less than 0.05 was used to declare statistical significance. Results: The magnitude of cervical cancer screening utilization in woliso town among women 30 years and above was 44 (17.60%) with 95 %CI of (13.2-23.1). The odd of cervical cancer screening utilization is 4 times more likely among women who had good knowledge about cervical cancer screening utilization than those who had poor knowledge [AOR: 3.84, 95% CI: (1.49-9.87)], 4 times more likely among women who had positive attitude than those who had negati [...]
doi:10.20372/nadre/12225 fatcat:elf5pd3wgvegzh72qzk3p4jnhq