NATION BRAND, NATIONAL PRESTIGE, AND THE SOCIAL IMAGINARIES OF THE ADVANCED NATION IN SOUTH KOREA [thesis]

Jung-Yup Lee
2021
The dissertation focused on how the discourses and institutions of nation branding and public diplomacy reshaped the social imaginary of the nation. Following the trajectory of the nation branding discourse in South Korea in the first fifteen years of the 21st century, I examined different moments of the re-imagining of the nation by multiple agents with regard to nation branding and public diplomacy. Firstly, I examined how the news media played a crucial mediating role in importing and
more » ... nating the globally emerging discourse of nation branding in collaboration with private and public think tanks in the early and mid 2000s. Secondly, I examined how the South Korean government instituted the media-promoted public agenda of nation branding as a highly visible official public policy by setting up the Presidential Council for Nation Branding in 2009. Lastly, I examined how the promotion of nation branding by the media and government opened up a discursive space for publics to re-imagine the nation. I focused on the public diplomacy efforts by non-state agencies and their critiques from the online subculture and the media and publicity experts. To complete this research, I collected and analyzed data from news media reports, policy-related documents by governmental agencies, and internet blogs, online forums, and OP/ED columns. I adopted the political economy perspective to analyze the economic and political interests embedded in the discursive rise of nation branding; the narrative analysis of the news media discourse on the development of South Korea; the political-economy and image analysis of the public service advertisement for nation branding; and the discursive analysis of the public controversies on online forums and news media over the "promotion of Korea" campaign led by the non-state agency. I discovered that the discursive practices of nation branding and public diplomacy conducted by different agencies converged into the idea of "national prestige" and the post-developmental reimagining of the a [...]
doi:10.7275/20453680 fatcat:smtkjhc37beyrabphpqxp6ffya