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It is challenging for engineers to timely identify illegal ground intrusions in underground systems such as subways. In order toprevent the catastrophic collapse of subway tunnels from intrusion events, this paper investigated the capability of detecting the ground intrusion of underground structures based on dynamic measurement of distributed fiber optic sensing. For an actual subway tunnel monitored by the ultra-weak fiber optic Bragg grating (FBG)sensing fiber with a spatial resolution ofdoi:10.3390/s19092160 fatcat:uizmu34ycbdfpa22oyfzhwnbxe