Genesis of Meka'a Geophagic Kaolin Deposit (In Foreke-Dschang West Cameroon)

S. A. Douola Ninla, G. Kieufack, I. Y. Bomeni, M. Gountié Dedzo, A. S. L. Wouatong
2021 Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology  
Geological, mineralogical and geochemical studies where carried out on Meka'a kaolin deposit located in Foréké-Dschang in order to define the ore genesis. Three kaolin facies (yellow, red and white) and isalteritic components were characterized by different methods including morphostructural description, XRD, XRF, ICP-MS, SEM-EDS, heavy mineral research and organic matter contents. The results show that all these kaolins are based on kaolinite (87–90%) associated with more or less significant
more » ... less significant phases of orthoclase (1-2%), goethite (0.5-3.5%), quartz (1-1.5%), anatase (1.2-2%) and hematite (1-2%). Small amounts of illite (3.5%) was found only in white facies. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) pattern shows that kaolinite particles contained in these kaolins are very small (<2 µm) and are poorly crystallized due to the impurities they contain. Meka'a kaolin's are extremely weathered (CIA and CIW ≈ 100) and their organic matter content is considerable (1.82-2.54%) and is explained by the presence of carbonized wood in the ignimbrites. The combination of different analytical techniques points out a meteoric weathering of ignimbrite under oxidizing conditions as being of petrogenetic origin of this kaolin deposit.
doi:10.9734/cjast/2021/v40i231247 fatcat:ds6iklq65jg3hkuwzihfylgyse