Structural control for the coordinated assembly into functional pathogenic type-3 secretion systems [article]

Nikolaus Goessweiner-Mohr, Vadim Kotov, Matthias J Brunner, Julia Mayr, Jiri Wald, Lucas Kuhlen, Sean Miletic, Oliver Vesper, Wolfgang Lugmayr, Samuel Wagner, Frank DiMaio, Susan Lea (+1 others)
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Functional injectisomes of the type-3 secretion system assemble into highly defined and stoichiometric bacterial molecular machines essential for infecting human and other eukaryotic cells. However, the mechanism that governs the regulated step-wise assembly process from the nucleation-phase, to ring-assembly, and the filamentous phase into a membrane embedded needle complex is unclear. We here report that the formation of a megadalton-sized needle complexes from Salmonella enterica serovar
more » ... imurium (SPI-1, Salmonella pathogenicity island-1) with proper stoichiometries is highly structurally controlled competing against the self-assembly propensity of injectisome components, leading to a highly unusual structurally-pleiotropic phenotype. The structure of the entire needle complex from pathogenic injectisomes was solved by cryo electron microscopy, focused refinements (2.5-4 Angstroem) and co-variation analysis revealing an overall asymmetric arrangement containing cyclic, helical, and asymmetric sub-structures. The centrally located export apparatus assembles into a conical, pseudo-helical structure and provides a structural template that guides the formation of a 24-mer cyclic, surrounding ring, which then serves as a docking interface comprising three different conformations for sixteen N-terminal InvG subunits of the outer secretin ring. Unexpectedly, the secretin ring excludes the 16th protein chain at the C-terminal outer ring, resulting in a pleiotropic 16/15-mer ring and consequently to an overall 24:16/15 basal body structure. Finally, we report how the transition from the pseudo-helical export apparatus into the helical filament is structurally resolved to generate the protein secretion channel, which provides the structural basis to restrict access of unfolded effector substrates. These results highlight the diverse molecular signatures required for a highly coordinated assembly process and provide the molecular basis for understanding triggering and transport of unfolded proteins through injectisomes.
doi:10.1101/714097 fatcat:46vuhg3ryjfi7oilu2js7ifbkq