Mitral valve replacement in a 3.9-kg infant with fungal endocarditis: A case report

Zornitsa Vassileva, Ventsislav Boshnakov, Anna Kaneva, Stojan Lazarov
2022 Turkish Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery  
A three-month-old female infant with a structurally normal heart was diagnosed with fungal endocarditis of the mitral valve with cerebral embolism. After antifungal therapy and a valve-sparing operation with complete removal of the fungal vegetations, a relapse with complete destruction of the valve leaflets and severe mitral regurgitation with decompensated heart failure occurred three months later. A second operation with successful mitral valve replacement was performed. Non-compliance with
more » ... he anticoagulant treatment with vitamin K antagonist led to thrombosis of the mitral valve prosthesis one year later, and the child died from acute pulmonary edema.
doi:10.5606/tgkdc.dergisi.2022.22985 fatcat:xjqyt5mnnjg7pk3dd3tldqqpba