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Cerebrospinal Fluid [Working Title]
Infection in those with hydrocephalus shunts or external drains (EVDs) can cause serious central nervous system damage with lasting sequelae. The infections usually involve bacterial colonisation and biofilm formation in the catheters. The nature and sources of pathogens and preventive measures are discussed. The risks of infection in shunts and EVDs is different. Infection in shunts is almost always initiated at their insertion or revision (exceptions are described). In contrast, in EVDs, thedoi:10.5772/intechopen.98910 fatcat:wjtcoiqpv5atbih3gpdqo5czbm