Consensus paper of the WFSBP Task Force on Biological Markers: Biological Markers in Depression

Rainald Mössner, Olya Mikova, Eleni Koutsilieri, Mohamed Saoud, Ann-Christince Ehlis, Norbert Müller, Andreas J. Fallgatter, Peter Riederer
2007 World Journal of Biological Psychiatry  
Biological markers for depression are of great interest to aid in elucidating the causes of major depression. We assess currently available biological markers to query their validity for aiding in the diagnosis of major depression. We specifically focus on neurotrophic factors, serotonergic markers, biochemical markers, immunological markers, neuroimaging, neurophysiological findings, and neuropsychological markers. We delineate the most robust biological markers of major depression. These
more » ... ression. These include decreased platelet imipramine binding, decreased 5-HT1A receptor expression, increase of soluble interleukin-2 receptor and interleukin-6 in serum, decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor in serum, hypocholesterolemia, low blood folate levels, and impaired suppression of the dexamethasone suppression test. To date, however, none of these markers are sufficiently specific to contribute to the diagnosis of major depression. Thus, with regard to new diagnostic manuals such as DSM-V and ICD-11 which are currently assessing whether biological markers may be included in diagnostic criteria, no biological markers for major depression are currently available for inclusion in the diagnostic criteria.
doi:10.1080/15622970701263303 pmid:17654407 fatcat:edorzisvsjfvhixwyj4zmgfxaa