A Surgical Reduction Technique for Posterior Cruciate Ligament Avulsion Fracture in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Comparison Study
Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fracture of tibia is an uncommon but serious complication during primary cruciate retaining total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The first objective of this report was to conduct a retrospective cohort study to investigate the incidence and potential risk factors of PCL avulsion fracture in primary cruciate-retaining TKA. The second objective was to assess the functional outcomes of the knee after reduction of PCL avulsion fracture. , 56 patients who
... atients who experienced PCL avulsion fracture of tibia in primary cruciate-retaining TKA were included in study group. Patients in this group underwent reduction of avulsion fracture. In this period, we selected 224 patients (control group) for comparison. Patients in this group also underwent the same TKA but no PCL avulsion fracture occurred. Range of motion of the knee and Knee Society Scores were assessed. The forgotten joint score was used to analyze the ability to forget the joint. Differences were considered statistically significant at p < 0.05. Results: In our series, the incidence of PCL avulsion fracture was 4.6%. There was no significant differences with regard to preoperative or postoperative range of motion of the knee (p > 0.05). At the final follow-up of 4 years, the mean clinical scores of study and control groups were 92.4±2.7 and 93.6±1.9, respectively (p > 0.05). The mean functional scores were 85.1±1.8 and 87.1±1.2, respectively (p > 0.05). There was no significant statistical difference with regard to forgotten joint score (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of PCL avulsion fracture of tibia is relatively high. Older age and female gender were two risk factors of fracture in primary cruciate-retaining TKA. Reduction of PCL avulsion fracture with high-strength line can achieve good stability and function of the knee.