A Real-Time Weed Mapping and Precision Herbicide Spraying System for Row Crops

Yanlei Xu, Zongmei Gao, Lav Khot, Xiaotian Meng, Qin Zhang
2018 Sensors  
This study developed and field tested an automated weed mapping and variable-rate herbicide spraying (VRHS) system for row crops. Weed detection was performed through a machine vision sub-system that used a custom threshold segmentation method, an improved particle swarm optimum (IPSO) algorithm, capable of segmenting the field images. The VRHS system also used a lateral histogram-based algorithm for fast extraction of weed maps. This was the basis for determining real-time herbicide
more » ... rates. The central processor of the VRHS system had high logic operation capacity, compared to the conventional controller-based systems. Custom developed monitoring system allowed real-time visualization of the spraying system functionalities. Integrated system performance was then evaluated through field experiments. The IPSO successfully segmented weeds within corn crop at seedling growth stage and reduced segmentation error rates to 0.1% from 7.1% of traditional particle swarm optimization algorithm. IPSO processing speed was 0.026 s/frame. The weed detection to chemical actuation response time of integrated system was 1.562 s. Overall, VRHS system met the real-time data processing and actuation requirements for its use in practical weed management applications.
doi:10.3390/s18124245 fatcat:dkd6riipxvfa7ezs2tpznqsxei