Predictors of Emergency Preparedness and Compliance

S. T. Murphy, M. Cody, L. B. Frank, D. Glik, A. Ang
2009 Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness  
In response to the evolving nature of potential disasters, both human made and natural, this research identifies predictors of individual emergency preparedness and compliance with government requests. Methods: A survey of a nationally representative sample of US adults (1629 respondents) revealed which emergency supplies and plans they had in place; their perceived level of preparedness and that of their local health care system, and the likelihood of 7 terrorist and 4 naturally occurring
more » ... s; whether they would evacuate their home, shelter in place at home and work, be quarantined, vaccinated, or take medication; and whether they believed that these actions would increase their chances for survival. Results: Having supplies was predicted by being male, older, wealthier, and white, living in the Western Hemisphere, and being exposed to national news. Having plans was related to living in the Western Hemisphere, having children, and being exposed to national news. Compliance was associated with being female and ill. Holding demographic factors constant, preparedness and compliance with government requests were associated with the perceived likelihood of a natural but not a terrorist event, the perceived efficacy of requested actions, and belief in one's local health care system. Conclusions: With a focus on natural as opposed to terrorist events, people's perceived efficacy of emergency actions and local health care systems may increase their preparedness and compliance with government requests. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2009;3(Suppl 2):S1-S1) Disaster researchers have suggested that preparedness involves identifying existing hazards and vulnerabilities, developing strategies for responding when a disaster occurs, and having sufficient resources to respond effectively. 10 Despite recent government efforts to promote individual emergency preparedness, the public remains largely unprepared both logistically (eg, in terms of amassing supplies) and emotionally. 11,12 Moreover, many Americans report that they balt3/dmp-dmp/dmp-dmp/dmp00409/dmp0182-09z xppws S‫1؍‬ 6/19/09 14:03 Art: DMP200173 Input-nlm RESEARCH Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness S1 • 10.1097/DMP.0b013e3181a9c6c5 balt3/dmp-dmp/dmp-dmp/dmp00409/dmp0182-09z xppws S‫1؍‬
doi:10.1097/dmp.0b013e3181a9c6c5 pmid:19590429 fatcat:u6c52s7c7zfxhev53mhcf5xqwm