Next generation routers

H.J. Chao
2002 Proceedings of the IEEE  
As the broadband access technologies, such as DSL, cable modem, and gigabit Ethernet, are providing affordable broadband solutions to the Internet from home and the enterprise, it is required to build next generation routers with high-speed interfaces (e.g., 10 or 40 Gb/s) and large switching capacity (e.g., multipetabit). This paper first points out the issues of building such routers, such as memory speed constraint, packet arbitration bottleneck, and interconnection complexity. It then
more » ... ts several algorithms/architectures to implement IP route lookup, packet classification, and switch fabrics. Some of the functions, such as packet classification, route lookup, and traffic management, can be implemented with emerging network processors that have the advantages of providing flexibility to new applications and protocols, shortening the design cycle and time-to-market, and reducing the implementation cost by avoiding the ASIC approach. Several proposed algorithms for IP route lookup and packet classification are compared in respect to their search/update speeds and storage requirements. Different efficient arbitration schemes for output port contention resolution are presented and analyzed. The paper also surveys various switch architectures of commercial routers and switch chip sets. At the end, it outlines several challenging issues that remain to be researched for next generation routers.
doi:10.1109/jproc.2002.802001 fatcat:abbtxhetq5hwdisgdqavfgi2y4