Genetic parameters of British Large White bacon pigs

C. Smith, J. W. B. King, N. Gilbert
1962 Animal Production  
Estimates of heritabilities and genetic correlations among 35 measurements and scores of British Large White bacon pigs are reported. The data came from pigs tested at the five National Progeny Testing Stations during the period autumn 1957 to spring 1959, and comprised full records on 1936 pigs from 200 sires. Independent analyses were carried out for each sex, and adjustments were made to the data for differences among stations, six-monthly periods and weight at slaughter.Genetic parameters
more » ... enetic parameters were estimated from sire components of variation and covariation obtained by conventional heirarchical analyses of variance and covariance. Estimates of the heritabilities and their standard errors are given in Table 2, and of genetic and phenotypic correlations in Table 3. These estimates, which agree in general with other estimates in the literature" indicate that a large part of the variation and covariation is of genetic origin and that carcass traits, growth rate and food conversion efficiency are amenable to change by selection. Moreover, no serious antagonisms were found to exist with regard to improvement by selection.An attempt has been made to summarise the correlation matrix pattern among 24 of the more important traits by using a principal component analysis. The first two principal components account for a disproportionate fraction of the correlation pattern especially of the genetic correlation matrix. Two principal components are given for each trait; the first may be associated with measurements of fat depth.
doi:10.1017/s0003356100034462 fatcat:y6esnjxe7nhwnozgedopib5iku