Reliable GNSS Localization Against Multiple Faults Using a Particle Filter Framework
For reliable operation on urban roads, navigation using the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) requires both accurately estimating the positioning detail from GNSS pseudorange measurements and determining when the estimated position is safe to use, or available. However, multiple GNSS measurements in urban environments contain biases, or faults, due to signal reflection and blockage from nearby buildings which are difficult to mitigate for estimating the position and availability. This
... per proposes a novel particle filter-based framework that employs a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) likelihood of GNSS measurements to robustly estimate the position of a navigating vehicle under multiple measurement faults. Using the probability distribution tracked by the filter and the designed GMM likelihood, we measure the accuracy and the risk associated with localization and determine the availability of the navigation system at each time instant. Through experiments conducted on challenging simulated and real urban driving scenarios, we show that our method achieves small horizontal positioning errors compared to existing filter-based state estimation techniques when multiple GNSS measurements contain faults. Furthermore, we verify using several simulations that our method determines system availability with smaller probability of false alarms and integrity risk than the existing particle filter-based integrity monitoring approach.