Photoaffinity labeling of rotavirus VP1 with 8-azido-ATP: identification of the viral RNA polymerase

S Valenzuela, J Pizarro, A M Sandino, M Vásquez, J Fernández, O Hernández, J Patton, E Spencer
1991 Journal of Virology  
Rotavirus single-shelled particles have several enzymatic activities that are involved with the synthesis of capped mRNAs both in vivo and in vitro. Because single-shelled particles must be structurally intact to carry out transcription, it has proven to be difficult to identify the protein within such particles that possesses associated RNA polymerase activity. One approach for characterizing the function of the individual proteins within single-shelled particles is to use nucleotide analogs
more » ... ucleotide analogs to specifically label those proteins, such as the viral RNA polymerase, that have affinity for nucleotides. In this study, 8-azido-ATP (azido-ATP), a photoreactable nucleotide analog, was used to identify the viral RNA polymerase on the basis of the ability of the analog to inhibit transcription activity associated with rotavirus particles on exposure to UV light. When single-shelled particles were treated with UV light in the presence of [a-32P]azido-ATP, the structural protein VP1 became radiolabeled because of cross-linking of the nucleotide analog, and there was a corresponding decrease in the ability of the particles to synthesize mRNA. In parallel experiments in which single-shelled particles were not exposed to UV light, VP1 was not radiolabeled and the particles successfully used azido-ATP as a substrate for the synthesis of viral mRNAs. Taken together, these results are consistent only with the conclusion that VP1 is the rotavirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. 131-140. 5. Estes, M. K., and J. . Rotavirus gene structure and J. VIROL. on May 10, 2020 by guest
doi:10.1128/jvi.65.7.3964-3967.1991 fatcat:pdrs7tgoqvdvvespkygjacyslu