Cross-Discipline Integration in Reservoir Modeling: The Impact on Fluid Flow Simulation and Reservoir Management
Proceedings of SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition
TX 75083-3836, U.S.A., fax 01-972-952-9435. Abstract A new technique is developed for modeling 3D permeability distributions. The technique integrates all available data into a fluid flow simulation model. The integrated modeling process honors the essential aspects of the established reservoir descriptions as well as the geological facies model and engineering data. The added value of data integration of the fluid flow simulation is illustrated by the improved accuracy of the resulting well
... e resulting well performance predictions and the decrease in time requirements for reservoir modeling history matching. The technique utilizes diverse data at different scales to condition reservoir models of facies, porosity, and permeability. Such data includes 3D seismic, well logs, core measurements, geologic facies distribution, flow meter logs, and pressure buildup tests. The model building process explicitly accounts for the difference in scale of the various measurements. The model calculates the porosity, facies, and permeability in the inter well volume using geostatistical techniques that are constrained by seismic impedance derived from the 3D seismic data. The use of engineering data in the permeability modeling constrains the results and decreases the history matching time requirements. A case study demonstrates the modeling technique. A reservoir model is developed for the Unayzah Formation in the Hawtah Field of Saudi Arabia. The Unayzah is a highly stratified clastic reservoir in a mixed fluvial and eolian depositional environment. Data integration provided more realistic reservoir model for this complex geologic setting than the conventional approach. Specifically, the integrated approach provide a reservoir model that captured the complex and highly stratified nature of the lithological units. Fluid flow simulation was carried out for both the new integrated reservoir model and the conventional reservoir model. Results show tremendous savings in history matching time and more accurate results for use in reservoir management production strategies when applying the new technique.