Emission Measurement of Air Pollutants from CNG-gasoline Bi-fuel Vehicles [article]

Xiaoyan Huang, University Of Calgary, University Of Calgary, Ke Du
The estimation of emission factors (EFs) is the basis of accurate emission inventory. However, the EFs of air pollutants for motor vehicles vary under different operating conditions, which will cause uncertainty in developing emission inventory. Natural gas (NG), considered as a "cleaner" fuel than gasoline, is increasingly being used to reduce combustion emissions, but the information is scarce about how much emission reduction can be achieved for motor vehicles burning NG (NGVs) under real
more » ... d driving conditions, which is necessary for evaluating the environmental benefits for NGVs. In this thesis, on-board measurements of the emissions from nine bi-fuel vehicles were conducted under different operating conditions on the real road. A comparative study was performed for the EFs of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) for each operating condition when the vehicles using gasoline or compressed NG (CNG) as fuel.
doi:10.11575/prism/25877 fatcat:aoo4jcc7qrhj5m2gmilgztfcoq