Adjoint zero-modes as a tool to understand the Yang-Mills vacuum [article]

Margarita Garcia Perez, Antonio Gonzalez-Arroyo, Alfonso Sastre
2007 arXiv   pre-print
The use of adjoint (quasi) zero-modes of the Dirac operator to probe the Yangs-Mills vacuum has been recently advocated by Gonzalez-Arroyo and Kirchner. The construction relies on the use of the super-symmetric zero mode which, for classical configurations, provides a direct estimate of the gauge action density. In the lattice implementation of this idea, we show how the results improve considerably if the overlap operator is used instead of the Wilson-Dirac one. Before proceeding to the
more » ... d study of Monte Carlo ensembles, we studied here a series of potentially complicated situations which can be encountered. In particular, we study the case of instanton anti-instanton pairs and analyse how the results depend upon separation. The effect of lattice artifacts is also of concern. Indeed, a statistical analysis of zero modes of thermalised SU(2) configurations at beta=2.57 shows a significant fraction having 4N+2 adjoint zero modes, in contradiction with the index theorem. This violation must be associated to the roughness of the lattice configurations. Indeed, we show that this situation occurs for instantons of size of the order of the lattice spacing.
arXiv:0710.0455v1 fatcat:h565z22qxzaytljvw67oi4yvoy