A Correlative Study between CT Perfusion Parameters and Angiogenesis in Rabbit VX2 Liver Tumors
Open Journal of Medical Imaging
Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between CT perfusion parameters and the hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and microvessel density (MVD) marked by CD34 molecular of rabbit VX2 liver tumors and to investigate the value of CT perfusion imaging in evaluating tumor angiogenesis. Material and methods: Twenty-four cases of rabbit VX2 liver tumor were performed by CT perfusion
... ning. Hepatic artery perfusion (HAP), portal vein perfusion (PVP), total hepatic blood flow (THBF) and hepatic perfusion index (HPI) were measured by perfusion software. HIF-1α, VEGF and MMP-2 expression and MVD were detected in the 24 rabbit VX2 liver tumor tissue samples using immunohistochemical method. The correlation between the HIF-1α, VEGF, MMP-2 expression and MVD and CT perfusion parameters were analyzed. Results: Correlation analysis revealed that the expression of HIF-1α, MMP-2, MVD were positively related to the HAP, THBF, HPI (p < 0.01), but no relations with PVP (p > 0.05); and correlation analysis revealed that the expression of VEGF was positively related to the HAP, HPI (p < 0.01), but no relations with PVP and THBF (p > 0.05). There was a positive relationship between the expression of HIF-1α, VEGF, MMP-2 and MVD (p < 0.01). Conclusions: CT perfusion imaging can reflect the blood perfusion of the rabbit VX2 liver tumors and evaluate the information of angiogenesis about tumors.