Carbide to Graphite Transition Control by Thermal Analysis in Grey Cast Irons

Elena Loredana Neacsu, Iulian Riposan, Ana Maria Cojocaru, Stelian Stan, Iuliana Stan
2020 Metals  
The present work compared the solidification pattern of un-inoculated and inoculated hypoeutectic grey cast irons (3.7–3.8% CE), focused on carbide to graphite formation transition, by the use of an adequate experimental technique, able to measure real stable (Tst) and metastable (Tmst) eutectic temperatures. Have been used three ceramic cups for investigating thermal analysis: (i) for normal solidification; (ii) with addition of Te for Tmst measurement; (iii) with more inoculant addition for
more » ... lant addition for Tst measurement. As a general rule, measured values appear to be lower compared with calculated values (as chemical composition effects), with an average difference at 14.4 °C for Tst and 8.3 °C for Tmst. It is found a good relationship between the undercooling degree at the lowest eutectic temperature (ΔT1) and at the end of solidification (ΔT3), reported to measured Tmst. The free carbides formation (chill tendency) is in good relationship with the undercooling degree during the eutectic reaction, reported to measured Tmst, especially for thin and medium wall thickness castings. The real measured Tmst instead of calculated Tmst is compulsory for the thin wall castings production, very sensitive to carbides to graphite transition. In the present experimental conditions, no visible relationship appears to be between chill tendency and undercooling at the end of solidification (ΔT3).
doi:10.3390/met10080993 fatcat:f73sgxggbfgadmvuc75von3vde