The Relationship between Different Leadership Styles and Emotional Intelligence (EI) in Managers of Educational Groups (Case Study: Tehran Schools)
This article summarizes the findings of study of the relationship between different leadership and management styles and emotional intelligence (EI) among managers of educational groups in high schools of Tehran. Considering the nature of this study, the research method is correlational. The statistical population is consisted of 33 educational managers and 454 high school teachers in district 2 of Tehran city; among them, 33 educational managers and 80 teachers have been selected as sample
... ected as sample group using stratified random sampling method in proportion to the volume of the population. The measurement instruments used in this research are the Emotional Competence Inventory (ECI) questionnaire and Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) with reliability coefficients of 0.90 and 0.94, respectively. The analysis of research results reveals that: 1) the coefficient of correlation between emotional intelligence (EI) and transformational leadership style is r=0.347 which is significant at the p<0.05; therefore there is a significant relationship between EI and transformational leadership. 2) The coefficient of correlation between emotional intelligence and transactional leadership is r=0.269 which is not significant at the p<0.05; therefore there is no significant relationship between EI and transactional leadership style. 3) The coefficient of correlation between emotional intelligence (EI) and laissez-fair leadership style is r=0.044 which is not significant at the p<0.05; therefore there is no significant relationship between emotional intelligence and laissez-fair leadership style.