Diagnostic Accuracy of Nipple Aspirate Fluid Cytology in Asymptomatic Patients: A Meta-analysis and Systematic Review of the Literature

Natasha Jiwa, Rishikesh Gandhewar, Hemali Chauhan, Hutan Ashrafian, Swathica Kumar, Corrina Wright, Zoltan Takats, Daniel Richard Leff
2020 Annals of Surgical Oncology  
Purpose To calculate the diagnostic accuracy of nipple aspirate fluid (NAF) cytology. Background Evaluation of NAF cytology in asymptomatic patients conceptually offers a non-invasive method for either screening for breast cancer or else predicting or stratifying future cancer risk. Methods Studies were identified by performing electronic searches up to August 2019. A meta-analysis was conducted to attain an overall pooled sensitivity and specificity of NAF for breast cancer detection. Results
more » ... detection. Results A search through 938 studies yielded a total of 19 studies. Overall, 9308 patients were examined, with cytology results from 10,147 breasts [age (years), mean ± SD = 49.73 ± 4.09 years]. Diagnostic accuracy meta-analysis of NAF revealed a pooled specificity of 0.97 (95% CI 0.97–0.98), and sensitivity of 0.64 (95% CI 0.62–0.66). Conclusions The diagnostic accuracy of nipple smear cytology is limited by poor sensitivity. If nipple fluid assessment is to be used for diagnosis, then emerging technologies for fluid biomarker analysis must supersede the current diagnostic accuracy of NAF cytology.
doi:10.1245/s10434-020-09313-9 fatcat:j47yinxgwnawlpsclwonfogpue