Transition Time to Full Oral Feeding Skill and its Determinants in Very Preterm Infants: A Single Center Experience
Journal of Pediatric Research
Aim: Transition from tube to full oral feeding (FOF) represents an important milestone for very preterm infants, and can be affected by various factors. This study aimed to evaluate transition time to FOF in very preterm infants and to identify the factors affecting this skill. Materials and Methods: In this 4-year study, infants' characteristics, feeding steps, and co-morbidities were retrospectively evaluated. Infants were categorized into two group based on FOF timing and comparisons were
... comparisons were made. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine affecting factors. Results: Transition from tube to FOF occurred on a median of 20 days. There were 48 and 52 neonates in the ≤20 days and >20 days groups, respectively. Gender, delivery type, and antenatal history were similar between the groups. The majority were supported with formula. More infants were at >30 weeks of gestational age, and had a birth weight >1.47 kg in the ≤20 days group. A lesser proportion of those required invasive interventions, and had co-morbidities. In this study, requirement of non-invasive ventilation ≤3 days, receiving kangaroo mother care and promotion of non-nutritive sucking within the first week, and achievement of full enteral feeding in ≤14 days were associated with a positive effect on translation to FOF in ≤20 days. However, a gestational age of ≤30 weeks and diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia had a negative effect. Conclusion: This was one of the few studies to investigate timing of transition to FOF in very preterm infants as well as its affecting factors. Further studies are required to provide guidance on interventions shortening FOF time and to provide kangaroo mother care, non-nutritive sucking and breastfeeding in very preterm population.