Mass Loss from Cool Stars

A. K. Dupree
1986 Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics  
Recently obtained spectroscopic observations indicating mass loss in cool stars are reviewed with analogies to the solar atmosphere. Spectral diagnostics of mass loss are discussed with new theoretical calculations of chromospheric line profiles. A general picture of mass loss from cool stars is developed and related to chromospheric and coronal emissions measured by IUE and the HEAO-2 Observatory. These winds range in characteristics from the hot (10 K) and fast wind with low mass loss found
more » ... w mass loss found in the dwarf stars to the warm ( ~ 10 K ) , moderate speed winds present in hybrid luminous supergiants, and the coolest massive winds emerging from the latest type supergiants exhibiting lowest thermal velocities and circumstellar shells. Evidence for stellar surface inhomogeneity and variability of outflow is briefly discussed.
doi:10.1146/annurev.aa.24.090186.002113 fatcat:bbd53mholrbntghm27o74f6w6m