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Drone delivery has a great potential to change the traditional parcel delivery service in consideration of cost reduction, resource conservation, and environmental protection. This paper introduces a novel drone fleet deployment and planning problem with uncertain delivery demand, where the delivery routes are fixed and couriers work in collaboration with drones to deliver surplus parcels with a relatively higher labor cost. The problem involves the following two-stage decision process: (i) Thedoi:10.3390/su11143871 fatcat:rl5n3d5bmjemhj6bicxsr4qzlq