Use of Antimicrobials without Prescription

Amna Noor
2014 Journal of Rawalpindi Medical College  
To evaluate the prevalence of antibiotic self medication and to assess the knowledge and reasons for the misuse of antibiotics. Methods: In this cross sectional study 187 non medical employees of Rawalpindi Medical College were enrolled. Questionnaire was designed to assess reported purchase, name and use of antibiotic without prescription. Results: The most commonly named antibiotic purchased and used without a prescription was Co-amoxiclav(37%) followed by Amoxicillin(22%). There was a
more » ... There was a significant difference between the educational level and antibiotics at the probability level of <0.05. Sore throat (27%) was the common condition for the use of antibiotics followed by fever and diarrhea (14%). Ten females out of 43 (23%) were the mother of 1-2 children, they commonly used Ceftriaxone (5%) for the cure of their children. Employees belonging to level 1 were illiterate; they never used antibiotics without prescription. Only 30% correctly named an antibiotic as the medicine purchased. Among the respondents who purchased an antibiotic without a prescription, 70% used medicine for inadequate duration (< 5days) or at wrong dosing intervals. Conclusion: Prevalence of self medication with antimicrobials is high in educated employees, despite majority being aware of its harmful effects.
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