Blockade of the Intermediate-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channel as a New Therapeutic Strategy for Restenosis

R. Kohler
2003 Circulation  
Background-Angioplasty stimulates proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), leading to neointimal thickening and vascular restenosis. In a rat model of balloon catheter injury (BCI), we investigated whether alterations in expression of Ca 2ϩ -activated K ϩ channels (K Ca ) contribute to intimal hyperplasia and vascular restenosis. Methods and Results-Function and expression of K Ca in mature medial and neointimal VSMC were characterized in situ by combined single-cell
more » ... T-PCR and patch-clamp analysis. Mature medial VSMC exclusively expressed largeconductance K Ca (BK Ca ) channels. Two weeks after BCI, expression of BK Ca was significantly reduced in neointimal VSMC, whereas expression of intermediate-conductance K Ca (IKCa1) channels was upregulated. In the aortic VSMC cell line, A7r5 epidermal growth factor (EGF) induced IKCa1 upregulation and EGF-stimulated proliferation was suppressed by the selective IKCa1 blocker TRAM-34. Daily in vivo administration of TRAM-34 to rats significantly reduced intimal hyperplasia by Ϸ40% at 1, 2, and 6 weeks after BCI. Two weeks of treatment with the related compound clotrimazole was equally effective. Reduction of intimal hyperplasia was accompanied by decreased neointimal cell content, with no change in the rate of apoptosis or collagen content. Conclusions-The switch toward IKCa1 expression may promote excessive neointimal VSMC proliferation. Blockade of IKCa1 could therefore represent a new therapeutic strategy to prevent restenosis after angioplasty. (Circulation. 2003; 108:1119-1125.)
doi:10.1161/01.cir.0000086464.04719.dd pmid:12939222 fatcat:rtuzg4q44naebph4kod7qyiczi