Sparse MR Image Reconstruction Considering Rician Noise Models: A CNN Approach

M. V. R. Manimala, C. Dhanunjaya Naidu, M. N. Giri Prasad
2020 Wireless personal communications  
Compressive sensing (CS) provides a potential platform for acquiring slow and sequential data, as in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. However, CS requires high computational time for reconstructing MR images from sparse k-space data, which restricts its usage for high speed online reconstruction and wireless communications. Another major challenge is removal of Rician noise from magnitude MR images which changes the image characteristics, and thus affects the clinical usefulness. The work
more » ... d out so far predominantly models MRI noise as a Gaussian type. The use of advanced noise models primarily Rician type in CS paradigm is less explored. In this work, we develop a novel framework to reconstruct MR images with high speed and visual quality from noisy sparse k-space data. The proposed algorithm employs a convolutional neural network (CNN) to denoise MR images corrupted with Rician noise. To extract local features, the algorithm exploits signal similarities by processing similar patches as a group. An imperative reduction in the run time has been achieved as the CNN has been trained on a GPU with Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding framework making it suitable for online reconstruction. The CNN based reconstruction also eliminates the necessity of optimization and prediction of noise level while denoising, which is the major advantage over existing state-of-the-art-techniques. Analytical experiments have been carried out with various undersampling schemes and the experimental results demonstrate high accuracy and consistent peak signal to noise ratio even at 20-fold undersampling. High undersampling rates provide scope for wireless transmission of k-space data and high speed reconstruction provides applicability of our algorithm for remote health monitoring.
doi:10.1007/s11277-020-07725-0 pmid:32836885 pmcid:PMC7417787 fatcat:4qnwocia6bathamuirypxjdypq