Author response: A MAC2-positive progenitor-like microglial population is resistant to CSF1R inhibition in adult mouse brain [peer_review]

Lihong Zhan, Li Fan, Lay Kodama, Peter Dongmin Sohn, Man Ying Wong, Gergey Alzaem Mousa, Yungui Zhou, Yaqiao Li, Li Gan
2020 unpublished
Microglia are the resident myeloid cells in the central nervous system (CNS). The majority of microglia rely on CSF1R signaling for survival. However, a small subset of microglia in mouse brains can survive without CSF1R signaling and reestablish the microglial homeostatic population after CSF1R signaling returns. Using single-cell transcriptomic analysis, we characterized the heterogeneous microglial populations under CSF1R inhibition, including microglia with reduced homeostatic markers and
more » ... tatic markers and elevated markers of inflammatory chemokines and proliferation. Importantly, MAC2/Lgals3 was upregulated under CSF1R inhibition, and shared striking similarities with microglial progenitors in the yolk sac and immature microglia in early embryos. Lineagetracing studies revealed that these MAC2+ cells were of microglial origin. MAC2+ microglia were also present in non-treated adult mouse brains and exhibited immature transcriptomic signatures indistinguishable from those that survived CSF1R inhibition, supporting the notion that MAC2+ progenitor-like cells are present among adult microglia. Zhan, Fan, et al. eLife 2020;9:e51796.
doi:10.7554/elife.51796.sa2 fatcat:7jrzsuyoobhq5haisfjr2y5vnu